IEEE COPYRIGHT FORM
The IEEE has developed this form with great care and with the best
interests of its members and contributing authors in mind. Therefore, in
order to maintain uniform treatment among all contributors, Company or
other forms may not be substituted for this form, nor may any wording of
this form be changed. This form is intended for original, previously unpublished
material submitted to lEEE periodicals and conference publications. This
form, when completed, must accompany any such material in order to be published
by IEEE. Please read it carefully and keep a copy of it for your files.
TITLE OF WORK (hereinafter, "the work"):________________________________________________________________________________________
PART A -- COPYRIGHT TRANSFER FORM
(U.S. Government employees whose work is not subject to U.S. copyright
should so certify by signing Part B below. Authors of works subject to
Crown Copyright should sign Part C overleaf)
The undersigned hereby assigns all copyright rights in and to the above
work to The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (the
"IEEE"). The undersigned hereby represents and warrants that
the work is original and that he/she is the author of the work, except
possibly for material such as text passages, figures, and data that clearly
identify the original source, with permission notices from the copyright
owners where required. The undersigned represents that he/she has the power
and authority to make and execute this assignment.
In return for these rights, the IEEE recognizes the retained rights
noted in Items 1 and 4 below, and grants to the above authors and employers
for whom the work may have been performed a royalty-free license to use
the material as noted in Items 2 and 3. Item 5 stipulates that authors
and employers must seek permission to republish in cases not covered by
Items 2, 3, and 4.
1. Employers (or authors) retain all proprietary rights in any process,
procedure, or article of manufacture described in the work.
2. Authors/employers may reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the
above work, material extracted verbatim from the above work, or derivative
works for the author's personal use or for company use provided that the
source and the IEEE copyright notice are indicated, that the copies are
not used in any way that implies IEEE endorsement of a product or service
of an employer, and that the copies themselves are not offered for sale.
(See "Author/Employer Rights" overleaf.)
3. Authors/employers may make limited distribution of all or portions of
the above work prior to publication if they inform the IEEE of the nature
and extent of such limited distribution prior thereto.
4. In the case of work performed under a U.S. Government contract or grant,
IEEE recognizes that the U.S. Government has royalty-free permission to
reproduce all or portions of the above work, and to authorize others to
do so, for official U.S. Government purposes only, if the contract/grant
so requires. (Appropriate documentation may be attached, but IEEE's Copyright
Form MUST BE SIGNED. See "U.S. Government Employees/U.S. Government
Contract Work" overleaf.)
5. For all circumstances not covered by Items 2, 3, and 4, authors/employers
must request permission from the IEEE Copyrights Office to reproduce or
authorize the reproduction of the work or material extracted verbatim from
the work, including figures and tables.
Please see notes on "IEEE Obligations" as copyright holder.
In the event the above work is not accepted and published by the IEEE
or is withdrawn by the author(s) before acceptance by the IEEE, this agreement
becomes null and void.
PLEASE DIRECT ALL QUESTIONS ABOUT IEEE COPYRIGHT POLICY OR THIS FORM
TO: Manager, Copyrights and Trademarks, IEEE Service Center, 445 Hoes Lane,
P.O. Box 1331, Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331. Telephone: (908) 562-3966.
For jointly authored works, all the joint authors should sign, or one
of the authors should sign as an authorized agent for the others. In the
case of multiple authorship where one or more authors are Government employees
but at least one author is not, that non-Government author should sign
Part A of this copyright transfer form.
PART B -- U.S. GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE CERTIFICATION
Authors who are U.S. Government employees are not required to sign
Part A of the IEEE Copyright Form, but any coauthors outside the U.S. Government
are required to sign Part A (see JOINT AUTHORSHIP overleaf). Authors whose
work was performed under a U.S. Government contract or grant, but who are
not Government employees, are required to sign Part A of this form (see
item 4 under Part A).
This will certify that all authors of the above work are employees
of the U.S. Government and performed this work as part of their official
duties and that the work is therefore not subject to U.S. copyright protection.
PART C -- CROWN COPYRIGHT
Authors who are employees of the British Government (or a British Commonwealth
Government) and whose works are subject to Crown Copyright may sign Part
C below. IEEE recognizes and will honor Crown Copyright as it does U.S.
Copyright. It is understood that, in asserting Crown Copyright, IEEE in
no way diminishes its rights as publisher. Sign only if ALL authors are
subject to Crown Copyright. Signing Part C will certify that all authors
of the above work are subject to Crown Copyright. (Appropriate documentation
and instructions regarding wording of Crown Copyright notice may be attached.)
Notes and Information for Authors and Their Employers
In connection with its publishing activities, it is the formal policy
of the IEEE to own the copyrights to all copyrightable material in its
technical publications and to the individual contributions contained therein,
in order to protect the interests of the IEEE, its authors and their employers,
and, at the same time, to facilitate the appropriate re-use of this material
by others. The IEEE distributes its technical publications throughout the
world and does so by various means such as hard copy, microfiche, microfilm,
and electronic media. It also abstracts and may translate its publications,
and articles contained therein, for inclusion in various compendiums and
similar publications, etc. When an article is submitted for publication
to the IEEE, the IEEE understands that its acceptance of the article implies
that IEEE has the rights to do all of the things it normally does with
such an article.
IEEE Policy 6.17 -- CLEARANCE OF PAPERS -- applies to all material
submitted to IEEE: "The IEEE must of necessity assume that material
presented at its meetings or submitted to its publications is properly
available for general dissemination to the audiences these activities are
organized to serve. It is the responsibility of the authors, not the IEEE,
to determine whether disclosure of their material requires the prior consent
of other parties and, if so, to obtain it."
Furthermore, the IEEE must assume, if an author uses within his/her
article previously published and/or copyrighted material, that permission
has been obtained for such use and that any required credit lines, copyright
notices, etc. are duly noted.
In exercising its rights under copyright, the IEEE will make all reasonable
efforts to act in the interests of the authors and employers as well as
in its own interest. In handling third party reprint/republication requests
for an IEEE work, the IEEE requires that 1) the consent of the first-named
author be sought as a condition in granting republication (of a full paper)
to others; and 2) the consent of the employer be obtained as a condition
in granting permission to others to re-use all or portions of a paper for
promotion or marketing purposes.
If you are employed and you prepared your paper as a part of your job,
the rights to your work rest initially with your employer. In that case,
when you sign the copyright transfer form, we assume you are authorized
to do so by your employer and that your employer has consented to all the
terms and conditions of this form. If not, it should be signed by someone
so authorized. (See also Policy 6.17 above.)
SPECIAL NOTE TO EMPLOYERS: Just as the IEEE requires a signed copyright
transfer form (for copyrightable material) in order to do "business
as usual," it is the intent of the transfer portion of the form to
return rights to the author and employer so that they, too, may do "business
as usual." (See note at bottom of page re. further details.)
Please note that, although authors are permitted to reuse all or portions
of their IEEE-copyrighted material in other works, this does not include
granting third party requests for reprinting, republishing, or other types
of re-use. All third party requests must be handled by the IEEE Copyrights